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The purpose of this study was to add to knowledge concerning job satisfaction theory, and in particular the impact of shared governance on hospital nursing staff job satisfaction. The pace of change is accelerating in healthcare today, demanding innovative approaches. One such innovation in hospital nursing is shared governance, a collaborative professional practice model involving staff in improving critical systems and processes and patient and staff satisfaction. Empowering employees in decisions affecting their work processes should result in a more positive perception of the workplace environment (Moss Kanter, 1983; Macy, Peterson & Norton, 1989; Becker-Reems, 1994). However, prior studies have been inconclusive (Miller & Monge, 1986; Wagner & Gooding, 1987; Cotton et al, 1988; Zelauskas & Howes, 1992; Blegen, 1993; Nakata & Saylor, 1994). Two nursing units in a 200-bed community hospital in the southeastern United States were surveyed, a Medical/Surgical unit involved in shared governance and a Critical Care/Progressive Care unit which had not adopted shared governance. Survey instruments were the Moos Work Environment Scale, Form R (WES), which measures perceptions of the work place, and the Revised Job Descriptive Index (JDI), which gauges job satisfaction of individual employees. Measures of work environment and job satisfaction were analyzed using the two-tailed t-test statistical technique. Overall response rate was 59.5% (WES: 64%; JDI: 55%). Results of the WES survey were generally not supportive of a strong relationship between shared governance and job satisfaction. However, the group involved in shared governance did perceive there to be a higher level of innovation in the workplace and they were more satisfied with the physical comfort. The JDI survey results indicated no significant difference in satisfaction with the work itself, the pay, promotion opportunities, or the job in general, but the non shared governance unit indicated greater personal satisfaction with their supervisor and with their co-workers.


Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 58-03, Section: B, page: 1193. Thesis (D.B.A.)--Nova Southeastern University, 1997.

Book Details

  • Language: eng
  • Physical Description: 191 p.


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